by Brian Minter
I’ve never seen a year that has stayed so cold and wet even into April, and we’re all starved for some outdoor colour.
early cool colour plants must be able to handle unexpected late frosts, cold winds and lots of very heavy rain. This is no small task! Fortunately over the past few years, some wonderful new plant varieties have found their way into the market, and let me assure you, they are up to all of these challenges.
There are, however, a few key things to keep in mind. Even these fairly tough plants need to be well acclimatized before being set outside. Moving plants directly from a warm greenhouse to the cold outdoors will cause too much stress and will seriously set the plants back, especially if the weather is very windy and cool. The second thing to keep in mind is drainage. Make an extra effort to add plenty of fir or hemlock bark mulch or sawdust to any heavy clay soils in order to lighten them up and use well drained soils in containers.
Many of us are using more and more osteospermums, but the newer and much improved varieties have certainly made a huge difference. These cool and wet loving, brilliant multi-coloured daisies are so refreshing in an early garden. They stay low spreading and blend beautifully with early bulbs, pansies and early perennials like arabis and aubrieta. They are also equally at home in containers or in ground beds.
We use all kinds of linarias in our gardens for long lasting cool colour. They look like miniature snapdragons. A more low spreading plant available in a good range of bright colours, you’ll find them quite striking.
Nemesias, whether the more trailing ‘Sunsatia’ types for baskets and containers or the newer ‘Sundrops’ bedding varieties, both are ideal for some splashes of old fashioned charm. They love morning sun and afternoon shade, and when it does finally become warmer, they will keep going for the longest time.
Two new series of smaller flowered mimulus, called ‘Calypso’ and ‘Magic’, have such vibrant colours and unusual flowers that they capture everyone’s attention. They also come in separate colours to create some interesting combinations. The ivory, ivory bi-colour, yellow, yellow bi-colour, orange, red and crimson varieties, blended with blue violas, are simply breathtaking. Plant them in shady spots for the best longlasting results. You’ll be amazed how well they perform in cool temperatures.
Marguerite daisies are truly remarkable plants that simply bloom their hearts out in early cool weather. Today, their compact habit and wide range of colours, from yellows, whites and pinks to reds and bronze-orange make them so versatile in many situations.
What are the best cool-loving plants for a great display? By far and away, the top performers are violas and pansies. Pansies may be old fashioned favourites, but the colour range of pansies today is fabulous, especially some of the new designer colours like creams, pink blends and happy, bright citrus blends. My latest favourite is the new ‘Matrix Morpheus’. It’s a distinctive bicolour with mid-blue upper petals and bright yellow lower petals. Talk about standing out in a crowd!
The new varieties of violas, the ‘Penny’ and the ‘Sorbet’ series, have improved size, a colour range to blow your socks off and a flowering time that beats them all. Their smaller blossoms make them less formal and even more charming than pansies, and they have the ability to blend with everything in your garden from early bulbs to primulas. Try the soft pastels like ‘Penny Primrose’, ‘Sorbet Lemon Chiffon’, ‘Penny Cream’, ‘Penny Orchid Frost’ and ‘Penny Porcelain’. They are most effective in tiny pockets or in groupings with other companions. Plant them early for instant and longlasting results.
These are the ‘colour now’ plants you need for your garden to give both of you a lift. These are the plants that will take the weather abuse and keep on giving. These are the ‘feel good now and even better later’ plants that will make a big difference in your garden this year. Marigolds, salvias, geraniums and petunias are already in some garden stores and even though it’s tempting, please hold off planting them until at least mid to late May – they need warmth to thrive.